Read e-book online A Brief History of Egypt (Brief History) PDF

By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

ISBN-10: 0816066728

ISBN-13: 9780816066728

ISBN-10: 1438108249

ISBN-13: 9781438108247

Historic Egypt was once one of many longest-lasting civilizations the area has ever identified. This ebook explores Egypt's wide political, fiscal, social, and cultural advancements, from the strong civilization of the previous to the various cultural and political panorama, protecting nearly 6,000 years of background.

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Sample text

Saladin built up a Muslim state that stretched from Tunisia to northern Iraq and from northern Syria to Yemen. In 1187 Saladin’s forces recaptured Jerusalem from the crusaders, European Christians who fought to take the “Holy Land” from Muslim control. Saladin has come down in history as a heroic fighter. Yet despite his efforts to master Fatimid court and bureaucratic procedures, he failed to set up an orderly administration in Egypt. Saladin’s Ayyubid successors did not surmount these difficulties.

For the next 30 years Egypt suffered riots and invasions under successive Abbasid-appointed governors. Then, in 935, Muhammad Ibn Tughj was installed as governor. ” The Ikhshid ruled Egypt, Syria, and most of the major land and sea routes for a decade. He was succeeded by his sons, but effective power was held by an Ethiopian officer named Kafur, a former slave who was named regent for Muhammad ibn Tughj’s young heirs. After both of the Ikhshid’s sons died, Kafur took the surname al-Ikhshid and ruled in his own name.

Egypt lacked an institutional structure that might have limited factional struggles and made the government more efficient. Yet the country prospered, due largely to its extensive commerce with the Italian city-states and with other Muslim countries. By the time of the Ayyubids most of the Egyptian people spoke Arabic and practiced Islam. The collapse of Ayyubid rule came from within. The Ayyubids had built up a corps of Turkish soldiers recruited from Central Asia and trained as slave-soldiers.

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A Brief History of Egypt (Brief History) by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.


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