By Yongxiang Lu
A heritage of chinese language technology and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with old chinese language technology and know-how within the means of Human Civilizations and an summary of chinese language technology and expertise, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of concerns within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with themes on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and drugs, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological parts heavily relating to garments, meals, guard and transportation.
This e-book is the main authoritative paintings at the historical past of chinese language technology and know-how. it's the Winner of the China ebook Award, the Shanghai ebook Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing venture (GAPP, normal management of Press and book of China) and provides an important source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a sequence of forty four lectures awarded to most sensible chinese language leaders, which got very optimistic suggestions. Written via best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the heritage of typical Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language organisations, the publication is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the background of technology, philosophy of technological know-how and know-how, and comparable disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Extra info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 2
At the beginning of its birth, the theory was only used for the representation of the natural variability of four seasons and alternation between summer 20 Y. , in the so-called the order of the four seasons. As the origin of all things in the universe, Qi is divided into yin and yang (cold and heat), while yin and yang are further divided into Shaoyang and Taiyang and Shaoyin and Taiying, respectively. Seemingly, the result of “philosophical dichotomy,” the further division, is in fact nothing but the properties of the seasons.
Regarding the author of The Classic on Medical Problems and his likes, their efforts to build the alternative relationship among the “five acupuncture points” are purely “forced” (farfetched) in the words of Sima Qian, the great historian. The two theories of yin and yang and the five elements are often combined in the Eastern Han Dynasty. “The Movement and Qi theory” is a typical example. , the repetitious motion of wood, fire, earth, metal, and water. Through setting “excess” and “insufficiency” for each of them, the theory of five elements is combined with that of yin and yang.
However, few people really understand the emergence and development history of such a theory closely related to all aspects of the traditional Chinese culture or relation between it and traditional Chinese medicine. 9 Translated version of Volume 1, science and civilization in China by Joseph Needham Y. 10 Schematic diagram of complementation and cancellation among the five elements originally two independent theories. From the perspective of academic values, the yin–yang theory is the most philosophical theoretical conception of the ancient Chinese sages.
A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 2 by Yongxiang Lu