A. Wolf, F. Dannemann, A. Armitage, Douglas McKie's A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th PDF

By A. Wolf, F. Dannemann, A. Armitage, Douglas McKie

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He actually gave his son, and his disciple Viviani, instruc­ tions to that end. His idea o f a pendulum clock is represented in Illustr. 15. A strong bristle, C, was fixed to the pendulum, AB, in such a way that at each swing to and fro it should turn the toothed wheel, D, on its axis, F, a distance equal to the breadth o f one of its teeth. The necessary calculations presented no difficulty. The problem was to invent some means to keep the pendulum going long enough to be o f use. This was first achieved by Huygens.

D iscourses o n T w o N ew S ciences Galilei’s astronomical discoveries were certainly very important, and made a great impression on thoughtful people even outside the ranks o f men of science. From a purely scientific point of view, however, his contributions to mechanics were even more important. They were epoch-making. And the Discourses in which they were dealt with were rightly described by him as presenting two new sciences, or branches o f science. Throughout his active life Galilei had been occupied, on and off, with problems of mechanics, but he concentrated on them with special intensity after his tragic experi­ ences at the hands of the Church, and brought all his experiments and results together in the Discourses (English translation by H.

This law was further confirmed by experiments with the pen­ dulum, where the effects of rotational inertia are negligible (see Illustr. 12). A pendulum, AB, was set swinging near a wall, so as to describe the arc CBD. By means of a nail in the wall the thread of the pendulum was then intercepted at E, and the arc described was changed to BG. When a nail was so placed as to intercept the thread at F, the arc described was changed to BJ. Thus in all cases (allowing for the resistance of the air and of the thread) the pendulum rose to the level CD, though the actual path was varied.

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A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th and 17th Centuries by A. Wolf, F. Dannemann, A. Armitage, Douglas McKie

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