By Mack P. Holt
Mack P. Holt (ed.)
This booklet examines our courting with alcohol and examines how drink has advanced in its services and makes use of from the overdue heart a while to the current day within the West. This booklet discusses various concerns, together with family as opposed to leisure use, the heritage of alcoholism, and the connection among alcohol and violence, faith, sexuality, and drugs. It appears to be like at how definite varieties of alcohol discuss classification, gender, and position. Drawing on examples from Europe, North the US, and Australia, this ebook presents a entire historical past of the position of alcohol over the last 5 centuries.
'In their exploration of those meanings [of alcohol in a selected position at a particular time], the authors make clear the ability family underlying shifts in alcohol intake styles and the tensions that regularly come up among teams with conflicting vested interest.'Yoon Hui Kim, magazine of Biosocial Science'A easy, lucid but attention-grabbing quantity that's sure to maintain you interpreting ... total this can be a light-mood, solid instances, effortless-reading compilation and much like a dessert.'Internet magazine of e-book Reviews
Introduction 1 half I Morality and future health 9
1 in your health and wellbeing: Wine as foodstuff and drugs in Mid-sixteenth-
century Italy eleven Ken Albala
2 Europe Divided: Wine, Beer, and the Reformation in Sixteenth-
century Europe 25 Mack P. Holt
3 within the Public Sphere: Efforts to minimize the intake of Rum
in Connecticut, 1760–1820 forty-one David W. Conroy
4 In Vino Veritas: the development of Alcoholic sickness in Liberal
Italy, 1880–1914 sixty one Paul A. Garfinkel
5 Mon docteur le vin: Wine and well-being in France, 1900–1950 seventy seven Kim Munholland
Part II Sociability 91
6 ingesting and Alehouses within the Diary of an English Mercer’s
Apprentice, 1663–1674 ninety three A. Lynn Martin
7 Taverns and the general public Sphere within the French Revolution 107 Thomas Brennan
8 Drink, Sociability, and Social classification in France, 1789–1945: The Emergence of a Proletarian Public Sphere 121 W. Scott Haine
9 The Lore of the Brotherhood: Continuity and alter in Urban
American Saloon tradition, 1870–1920 a hundred forty five Madelon M. Powers
Part III kingdom and state 161
10 “To the King o’er the Water”: Scotland and Claret, c. 1660–1763” 163
Charles Cameron Ludington
11 profit and Revelry on faucet: The Russian Tavern 185 Patricia Herlihy
12 consuming the great existence: Australia c. 1880–1980 203 Diane Erica Kirkby
13 Kaleidoscope in movement: consuming within the usa, 1400–2000 225 Jack S. Blocker, Jr.
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Extra resources for Alcohol: A Social and Cultural History
As he wrote in his principal work, On the Kingdom of Christ, Bucer felt that a true kingdom of Christ on earth had to regulate eating and drinking very carefully. Bucer was especially fond of fasting, since it was so highly recommended by both Jesus and the apostles of the New Testament. ”26 This was all part of a larger goal of creating a kingdom of Christ on earth by eliminating sin from a godly community. ”27 Although Bucer opposed all pubic drinking places in principle, he recognized the need for public inns in order to house out of town visitors.
In moderation wine is digestive, nourishing, provokes urine, stimulates the appetite, increases the natural heat, opens clogs, etc. 45 By this point his interlocutor has been reduced to curt questions while Taegio rattles off the other miraculous uses for wine. It is good for young frail girls, as an antidote for poison, and then he describes the effects that aging has on wine, how to judge it by the aroma, liberally seasoning his encomium with classical references. 00Alcohol 1/2/06 20 8:14 am Page 20 Morality and Health Like the Veronese physicians Taegio, a landowner and winemaker as well, had a vested interest in promoting wine consumption.
In “dry” northern Europe, however, drinking alcohol is perceived as something less connected with mealtimes and more associated with drinking in the tavern, pub, beer hall, or even at drinking parties at home. There also appears to be much more alcoholism and drinking related diseases than in southern Europe. Of course, the very definitions of alcoholism and problem drinking are cultural constructions, as these same anthropologists are quick to point out. 34 This obviously raises the question of whether the northern European enemies of alcohol in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, such as the Anabaptists and Puritans described above, may have contributed in some indirect way to this contemporary division in European drinking patterns.
Alcohol: A Social and Cultural History by Mack P. Holt