By Wilferd Madelung
In a resounding reinterpretation of early Islamic background, Wilferd Madelung examines the clash that built after the dying of Muhammad for keep an eye on of the Muslim neighborhood. He demonstrates how this clash, which marked the dying of the 1st 4 caliphs, led to the lasting schism among Sunnite and Shi'ite Islam. unlike contemporary scholarly developments, the writer takes up the Shi'i reason, arguing in protection of the succession of 'Ali. This publication will make a big scholarly contribution to the talk over succession.