By Richard J. Altenbaugh
The historical past of yank schooling is an important and efficient box of research. This reference booklet presents real information regarding eminent humans and critical subject matters with regards to the improvement of yank public, inner most, and parochial colleges, masking simple and secondary degrees. as well as significant country and nearby leaders and reformers, it contains biographies of vital nationwide educators, philosophers, psychologists, and writers. topics embody very important principles, occasions, associations, firms, and pedagogical tendencies that profoundly formed American rules and perceptions relating to schooling. The greater than 350 entries are prepared alphabetically and written via professional members. each one access closes with a quick bibliography, and the amount ends with an inventory of works for additional examining. Entries have been drawn from a assessment of top background of schooling textbooks and the historical past of schooling Quarterly. those subject matters have been additional sophisticated by means of reviews from prime professionals and the individuals. lots of the participants are tested students within the heritage of schooling, curriculum and guideline, institution legislation, academic management, and American heritage; a couple of additionally paintings as private and non-private university lecturers and hence convey their useful event to their entries. The interval lined starts off within the colonial interval and maintains throughout the Nineties.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of American Education
Laws setting quotas favoring northern Europeans were passed in 1921 and 1924. While immigration was being restricted, people also called on the public schools to assimilate immigrants who were already here. Schools responded by consciously Americanizing immigrant children in regular school classes and, as early as 1890, by Americanizing adults through evening classes. The adult classes concentrated on teaching English and on the civic education* required as preparation for naturalization. Jane Addams’s* Hull-House, opened in 1889, established programs, soon followed in other settlement houses, which assisted in assimilating immigrants and sometimes in helping them preserve elements of their original culture.
Alcott believed that education should be directed to the development of the spiritual life of the child. Education was individual, social, and spiritual, and it would bring children to recognize the divinity within themselves. Along with his cousin William Alcott, Bronson developed a new school desk that had a writing surface and seat for each individual student. Alcott also introduced the use of slates and blackboards into the classroom and physical activity in the curriculum. His schoolrooms incorporated nature into the decor in an attempt to make it a pleasing and comfortable environment for children.
Some successful alternative school practices have often been incorporated into public schools and classrooms. Timothy W. Young, Public Alternative Education (1990) surveys these programs and provides a useful bibliography. ’’ James M. Wallace AMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION, AND DANCE (AAHPERD), represents one of the largest professional education organizations in the country with over 30,000 members. At the invitation of William G. * From this meeting evolved the first national organization for physical education in the United States, the Association for the Advancement of Physical Education, in which forty-nine of the conference attendees elected membership.
Historical Dictionary of American Education by Richard J. Altenbaugh