Making Sense of Science: Understanding the Social Study of by Steven Yearley PDF

By Steven Yearley

ISBN-10: 0803986912

ISBN-13: 9780803986916

ISBN-10: 1412933897

ISBN-13: 9781412933896

`Fluid, readable and obtainable ... i discovered the general caliber of the publication to be first-class. It presents an summary of significant (and previous) advancements within the box of technology stories. It examines landmark works, authors, thoughts and ways ... i'll definitely use this publication as one of many path texts' Eileen Crist, affiliate Professor, technological know-how & know-how in Society, Virginia Tech technological know-how is on the center of latest society and is hence vital to the social sciences. but technological know-how reviews has frequently encountered resistance from social scientists. This publication makes an attempt to therapy this via giving the main huge, thorough and top argued account of the sector and explaining to social scientists why technological know-how issues to them.This is a landmark booklet that demystifies technological know-how reviews and effectively bridges the divide among social concept and the sociology of technological know-how. Illustrated with suitable, illuminating examples, it offers the perfect consultant to technology reports and social idea.

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Sample text

Knowing clearly is – according to this analogy – like seeing plainly. Thus, for Quine to say that the study of human knowledge can only be the study of psychology does not, at first sight, jeopardise the quality of knowledge, especially empirical knowledge. But Bloor takes this line of reasoning forward in two directions. First, he points out the inadequacy of biology and psychology for any reasonably convincing naturalistic account of how knowledge develops. People do not form ideas, refine concepts, or develop theories as individuals; even Bhaskar accepted that much.

Much of the controversy which followed the book’s publication was conducted at an hysterical level. Philosophers, natural scientists, anthropologists and psychologists joined the dozens of sociologists who, at conferences and in reviews, unleashed their ‘ultimate refutations’ of Bloor’s work. Bloor even found himself sharing lecture platforms with parapsychologists and other cognitive deviants, invited to philosophers’ conferences as an epistemological freak-show. Yet he evaded their knock-down arguments, many of which – as he deftly showed in his Afterword (1991: 163–5) – were formulated with the benefit of only passing acquaintance with his book.

But Collins’ point is ultimately that the controversy gets settled because people decide (or are forced) to stop quarrelling or disagreeing, not because nature makes an incontrovertible pronouncement in support of the victorious side. The third stage in EPOR is not necessarily applicable in all cases. However, Collins suggests that there may be a ‘relationship of the constraining mechanisms to the wider [social/cultural] structure’ (1981a: 7). qxd 10/12/2004 12:47 PM Page 31 FRAMING COMMITMENTS 31 social factors overwhelmingly favour one interpretation; in such a case, conventional macro-sociological factors could be said to be responsible for shaping the outcome of a scientific controversy.

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Making Sense of Science: Understanding the Social Study of Science by Steven Yearley

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