By Luc Ferry
Que fait los angeles philosophie ? Elle suggest des définitions de l. a. vie bonne qui ne passent ni par Dieu ni par los angeles foi, où l’on fait avec les moyens du bord, en exerçant l. a. lucidité de sa raison et en acceptant sa situation de mortel, sans prétendre à un salut qui passerait par une promesse d’immortalité. Ces « spiritualités laïques », c’est cela, tout simplement, qu’on appelle philosophie.
En parcourant ces cours familiers et chaleureux, illustrés d’exemples, qui prennent leur essor avec Homère et qui s’achèvent avec Heidegger et Foucault, en passant par Bouddha, Rousseau, Freud et Sartre, les plus grands débutants vont pouvoir comprendre, sans jargon inutile, les piliers sur lesquels reposent en dernière example les œuvres les plus fondamentales de notre histoire intellectuelle, morale et spirituelle. Et constater, grâce au consultant incomparable qu’est Luc Ferry, combien leur compréhension est critical à celle du temps présent.
À propos de Luc Ferry
Luc Ferry, philosophe, ancien ministre de l’Éducation nationale, est l’auteur de nombreux ouvrages traduits dans le monde entier. Il est un pédagogue hors pair en matière de philosophie
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Je ne prise guère l. a. littérature d’idées. Ses angles droits sont trop fastidieusement masculins et sûrs d’eux pour capter l’émotion, le tremblement, l’inattendu du réel. Pourquoi récidiver ? Parce qu’on résiste moins, avec l’âge, aux impulsions du farfelu, jusqu’à se permettre quelques divagations sur les dieux et les hommes, le beau et le moche, le mort et le vif, et même sur l’avenir de l’humanité.
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Extra info for Sagesses d'hier et d'aujourd'hui
Drug addiction is seen as an optimal choice in weighing more highly valued utility in the present against the discounted costs of pain to be borne in the future (Becker and Murphy 1988). The application and extension of the principles of marginalism take 34 The economic approach precedence over even the simplest intrusion of reality in general, and in the specific nature of the object of study. Thus, despite the wide application of his economic approach by subject matter, Becker has never incorporated the simple fact that economic exchange takes place through the intervention of money, let alone that there is a financial system that governs economic and non-economic relations.
These are borders of discipline, method, subject matter, rationality, and so on. The differences within other disciplines from economics, in substance and dynamic, offer them some natural defences against economics imperialism. No doubt, these have provided some protection from marauding imperialist invaders in practice but it has proven, not surprisingly, far from absolute. It only takes an economics to declare its method superior, on the most spurious grounds, for it to sweep in its own mind’s eye across the other social sciences in view of their lack of deductive logic – without regard to its own lack of other logics.
This compromise across principles, subject matter and disciplines is not fixed, especially as economics was at the outset as confined as it could be. It was limited to supply, demand, the market, partial equilibrium, and not much else was included that might reasonably be considered to be economic, such as institutions (even the firm), forms of property, corresponding economic and social relations in historical context, and money. Necessarily, though, widening the scope of economics involved bringing back in the social, however minimally, as illustrated within the discipline in the interwar period by the emergence of Keynesianism and the popularity of American, now considered old-style, institutionalism in the US.
Sagesses d'hier et d'aujourd'hui by Luc Ferry